Pathogenic bacteria in the urinary tract lead to a urinary tract infection, also called bladder infection. They gain access through the urethra traveling from the rectum and/or vagina towards the urethra, then enter the bladder causing an infection. Sometimes bacteria may enter the bladder via the urethra from the nearby skin.
E.coli (Escherichia coli) is the most common bacteria responsible for bladder infections. Staph bacteria, Proteus, Klebsiella, Enterococcus, etc. also cause urinary tract infections. In some cases, UTIs can be caused by fungi such as Candida.
Bladder Infection Treatment
There are many types of antibiotics available to treat bladder infections. Uncomplicated infections can be treated within a few days with antibiotics. When a urinary infection reaches the kidneys an antibiotic treatment may take much longer.The same applies to older people and those with such conditions as HIV or diabetes. Drinking plenty of water helps flush the pathogenic bacteria out of the bladder.
After each antibiotic treatment, urine is being tested to make sure that the urinary tract is infection-free. People with recurring bladder infections, including persons with spinal cord injuries, need to take low daily doses of antibiotics on a regular basis.
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